Why choose Alternative Dispute Resolution (ADR) to resolve a land dispute?
By Dipina Sharma Rawal
We have a saying in Nepali “Ja Pachi Jha Aaucha”, which means with land follows a dispute (disagreement/argument). Land dispute seems to be widespread throughout Nepal. Sometimes it is between two parties, for instance two siblings competing over parental property and sometimes it could involve a range of stakeholders for instance; it could be a dispute between a host community, squatter’s community and local government agencies.
Kathmandu, July 9, 2015 – For years, various national and international studies have claimed that the Kathmandu Valley is highly prone to earthquakes and that most infrastructure and buildings in the Valley are not strong enough to resist a high magnitude quake.
Based on IOM study, it is estimated that population of 3.5 million living in the confines of the Kathmandu Valley along with the high number of sub-standard buildings means that a major earthquake [9 on the Richter Scale] will have disastrous consequences for Kathmandu residents. It is expected that the earthquake could leave 40,000 dead, between 100,000 – 200,000 injured, 60% of buildings destroyed, and between 600,000 – 900,000 left homeless.
By Dipina Sharma Rawal
It feels like yesterday, I was out and about with my husband and our 32 months daughter fulfilling my father’s invitation to attend the Kumaripati Street Festival on Saturday, April 25, 2015. It was such a beautiful morning at the festival, the music was on, the food was amazing, and people from different age group had gathered happily. Then suddenly everything changed. The earth shook really hard and the ground split. The festive mood of people in the area turned into cries, confusion and shock. As the earth started shaking, I threw the balloon that I was blowing on the ground and immediately grabbed my daughter and held her tight. As soon as it stopped, we then rushed to Jawalakhel ground (one among 83 sites identified by IOM in coordination with Ministry of Home Affairs which is the closest from Kumaripati Street).
Kathmandu, 3 March 2015 – The International Organization for Migration (IOM) Nepal’s Preparedness and Management of Open Spaces for Effective Humanitarian Response in the Kathmandu Valley (P-MOS) team has been visiting different schools as a part of the project’s outreach campaign from last month. In conducting these visits, IOM works in partnership with the Community Disaster Management Committee (CDMC) in Lalitpur District. Through this program I met Kumud Sharma, one of the volunteers, who is assigned to help IOM to identify and arrange appointments with the schools.
This time, we visited 2 schools, Mahendra Adarsha Higher Secondary School and Grand Academy in Lalitpur district with the help from Kumud. She accompanies us in all our visits. This time she brought a “Go-Bag” that she had prepared herself and planned to show it to the students. (more…)
by Emily-Anne Leroux, Legal Officer
For those unfamiliar with Nepal’s conflict, one important detail is that it mostly happened in the rural plains and hills outside of Kathmandu, moving slowly towards the city over the ten-year period from 1996 to 2006. The International Organization for Migration (IOM) has dispatched teams of enumerators to collect testimonials through questionnaires in 10 selected conflict stricken districts in five development regions. The task is no small one for IOM staff members recruited to go out to conduct the research, which aims to assess the delivery prerequisites of quality services to Conflict Affected Persons (CAPS). I had the opportunity to follow along with one of the teams into Chitwan district, landing in Bharatpur city.
By: Dipina Sharma Rawal
While talking about tenure security of Nepali women, it is very unfortunate to learn that only around 19.7 % (CBS, 2011) women own land in Nepal.
Like in many countries, equal access to land and tenure security for women remains a significant challenge for Nepal. The patriarchal society, conservative social dynamics and discriminatory laws regrettably exclude women from land rights. Tenure security for women matters as it has such an impact on decision making and in household economy. Moreover, land rights may also enhance negotiation power of women with other households or may empower women to participate in larger social and political issues.
Camp Coordination and Camp Management (CCCM) Training for Nepal’s Government Officials
Kathmandu, 16 December 2014 – Given that Nepal one of the world’s most natural disaster-prone country, as it is especially exposed to natural hazards, including floods, landslides, and earthquakes, when disaster strikes, public safety is vital and the government of Nepal must immediately respond to avoid greater human suffering and loss of lives.
In responding to the situation, IOM joins in hand with the Camp Coordination and Camp Management (CCCM) cluster lead Department of Urban Development and Building Construction (DuDBC) and in close coordination with the Ministry of Home Affairs organized CCCM training from 9 – 11 December 2014.
by Jitendra Bohara
Following a 2007 Supreme Court Decision, Nepal became one of few countries that officially recognized a third gender in citizenship documents. Despite it has helped to bring sexual and gender minorities into the political spotlight, the Government of Nepal still have lots of homework to be done. One of them is ensuring gender sensitive approach to program planning and monitoring and evaluation on transitional justice and reparations.
Looking back, the ten-year armed conflict in Nepal which ended in 2006 with the Comprehensive Peace Agreement has indeed resulted in gross human rights violations in Nepal committed by both sides’ parties to the conflict. Lots of people from vulnerable communities, especially women and children, had to bear the main brunt of the conflict. While it is important to address the psychosocial needs of conflict affected persons in general, women and communities that are socially marginalized as well as marginalized on an ethnic basis comprise the largest number of conflict affected persons in Nepal.
As a part of United Nations Peacebuilding Fund (UNPBF) funded ‘Catalytic Support on Land Issues’ project, implemented jointly by International Organization for Migration (IOM), United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) and UN Habitat, a series of consultations were conducted by IOM with the affected communities including District Land Rights Forum in the districts of Nawalparasi, Surkhet and Morang. (more…)